Chlorinated Heavy Normal Paraffin
|Quality and Standards||There is no laid down specification of BIS for this product. It is produced as per customer's specification.|
|Uploaded on||January 2008|
Chlorinated Heavy Normal paraffin is a replacement of chlorinated paraffin wax. The method of manufacturing of both the products is the same and so is the end-use. Apart from above the best part of Chlorinated Heavy Normal Paraffin is that in this product maximum Chlorination which can be achieved is 70% while in chlorinated paraffin wax it is 60%. It is used as secondary plasticiser for Polyvinyl Chloride resins, plasticiser extender in synthetic rubber, Nitrocellulose, polystyrene etc. It is also used for impregnating textile and fabrics of all kinds as a flame retardant. It also finds application in paint industry for manufacturing of fire proof paints. It is widely used in foundry industry.
Chlorinated Heavy Normal Paraffin is mainly used in PVC industry as plasticiser, extreme pressure lubricant, additive in metal working industry and as fire retardant Chlorinated heavy normal Paraffin is a chemically inert plasticiser and in paint formulation where hard resins are used to make film more flexible that eliminates film embitterment. In plastics it is used as a secondary plasticiser because of high fire retarding efficiency, Good heat light stability, high resin compatibility, and lack of odour and low toxicity.
It is also widely used as lubricant in metal working industry to provide both extreme pressure activity and as a boundary lubricant.
It is also used as flame retardant in fabrics and paints industry. Presently 30-35 Small Scale Units in the country manufacture it and the total annual production is around 70,000 MT. The demand of the product is growing continuously at the rate of 6-7% per year.
Basis and Presumptions
- The unit will work on three-shift basis.
- The unit will achieve its full production in three year.
- Twelve persons are required to operate the plant.
- Workers salaries are considered as per Government norms.
- Interest rate on capital investment is calculated on 14% basis.
- Margin Money is 25%.
- The technology will continue for another 10 years.
- Depreciation on plant and machinery is considered @ 15%
To implement the project a minimum one year period is required. First three months are required to get various approvals from Government Authorities and in preparation of project report and in placing order for the equipments and in erection of the unit 10 months are required. The remaining two months are required for trials and commissioning of the units.
Process of Manufacture
Chlorinated heavy Normal Paraffin is produced by passing chlorine in heavy normal Paraffin at specific temperature. The Hydrogen chloride gas evolved during reaction is absorbed in Hydrochloric acid absorption column to produce 32% Hydrochloric acid. The unabsorbed gas from HCL absorption column is then passed through packed high density Polythene absorption column where milk of lime solution is circulated. All unabsorbed gases are absorbed here. The total time required for 70% chlorination is around 26-28 hours. After achieving desired chlorination compressed air passed through the chlorinated mass to remove trapped HCL and chlorine gas from the product. Finally 1-2 to 1.5% epoxidised soyabean oil is added as stabilizer before packing the product.
In this industry no liquid effluent is generated, but to take care of floor washing and various washing a small effluent treatment plant consisting of neutralizer and sand filter is required in chlorinated heavy Normal Paraffin industry HCL gas absorption column to produce hydrochloric acid to avoid even small amount of HCL gas comes out from the absorption column to avoid any pollution, packed HDPE absorption column is kept and milk of lime solution is circulated. It takes care of unabsorbed HCL gas and produces calcium chloride, which is after concentration marketed as one of the by-products.
(i) Land and Building
|Factory shed||200 Sq.m.||5000||1000000|
|Admn. Block||50 Sq.m.||7000||350000|
(ii) Plant and Machinery
|M.S. lead Bonded reactor Capacity 4 M.T.||1||420000||420000|
|HCL gas absorption column 9 ft. standard||1||260000||260000|
|HDPE packed absorption Column||1||130000||130000|
|Milk of Lime storage tank HDPE-3000 Lts.||1||30000||30000|
|Heavy Normal Paraffin storage tank 20 KL||1||200000||200000|
|Chlorinated HNP aeration tank cap. 6000 lits. MS/FRP||1||140000||140000|
|M.S H.N-Heating tank with heating element 4KL||1||70000||70000|
|Chlorinated HNP storage tank 20 KL FRP.||1||140000||140000|
|Hydrochloric acid storage tank-30 KL FRP||1||20000||20000|
|Cooling Tower 100 T.R||160000||160000|
|Chlorine Storage yard with chain pulling arrangement||1||130000||130000|
|S.S concentration vessel cap 7000 ltr.||1||130000||130000|
|Firebrick lined furnace for dehydrating calcium chloride.||1||60000||60000|
|Pipe Line and value||1||70000||70000|
|Air Compressor with 7.5 H.P Motor||50000||50000|
|Electricity, erection and commissioning||120000||120000|
|Effluent Treatment Plant||100000||100000|
(iii) Fixed Capital Investment
|Land & Building||2750000|
|Plant & Machinery||2360000|
(iv) Raw Material (per month)
|Heavy Normal Paraffin||38 M.T||37000||1406000|
(v) Utilities (per month)
(vi) Staff and Labour (per month)
|Perks @ 22%||16720|
(vii) Other Contingent Expenses (per month)
|Postage and Stationery||5000|
|Miscellaneous expenses Including packing||15000|
Working Capital (per month)
|Staff and labour||92720|
|Working Capital for 2 Months||8315440|
Total Capital Investment
(i) Cost of Production
|Total recurring cost||49892640|
|Depreciation on plant and machinery @15%||354000|
|Depreciation on building @ 5%||67500|
|Interest on total capital investment @14%||1879562|
(ii) Total Sales
|Chlorinated heavy normal paraffin 1000MT @ Rs. 56000/ MT||56000000|
|Hydrochloric Acid 1200 MT @ Rs. 1250/MT||1500000|
(iii) Profit (per annum)
|Cost of production||52193702|
|Total Profit 1-2||5306298|
Profit on Sale
Profit on Total Capital Investment
|Depreciation on Plant and machinery||354000|
|Interest on total capital investment||1879562|
|Depreciation on building||67500|
|40% of the salary and wages||445056|
|40% of other expenditure||302400|
Fixed cost × 100
Fixed cost + profit
Addresses of Raw Material Suppliers
- M/s. Indian Petrochemicals Ltd.
- M/s. Ruchi Finance Ltd.
505, Dalmal House,
- M/s. Hukamchand Jute Mill
Amlai, Distt. Shahadol,
- M/s. Grasim
Gram Nagala Nagda,
- M/s. Shri Ram Food and Fertilizer Inds.
Post Box No. 6219,
Addresses of Plant and Machinery Suppliers
- M/s. Techno Chem. Engineers
69, Industrial Area Ratlam,
- M/s. Chem Metal Engineering Iraniwadi
Opp. Sardar Compound,
Beside Dr. Bhadesh Shah,
- M/s. Garg Lab Glass Industries
19, Anand Bhawan,
2nd Floor, 27,
Babu Genu Road,
- M/s. Keystone Air System
B/4, Shastri Stadium,
For further information please contact